Open Command Line Interface (CLI) Schema Version (OCS) 1.0

Open CLI Platform (OCLIP) provides model based framework to implement Linux Commands for any given software products, by using YAML template based on the schematics defined in this document. In version 1.0, following aspects of commands are modeled as YAML schematics:

  • Software product/service information
  • Command line arguments
  • Command outputs
  • Command execution details like HTTP, SNMP (profiles)
  • Command usage and samples

open_cli_schema_version

OCLIP considers any YAML file with first line having the following entry as OCS template.

open_cli_schema_version: 1.0

Here, 1.0 version is first version of this schema. In future, this version number will get incremented based on addition of new schematics or update of existing schematics.

name

name entry allows to set the command name and it is recommended to use the following format:

<entity>-<action>

entity - Resource or a feature, for which command is provided

action - Functionality performed on the entity

For example, to implement a command to start a given service. set the name as:

name : service-start

CAUTION: name should not have any space character in it.

description

description entry allows to write detailed usage of the command. It could be a line or a paragraph as given example here.

a line

description: Start the given service

a paragraph

description: |
Start the given service. To see the available services in the system use the command service-list

info

product

product entry allows to tag the command template with the software product name and version, for which command is implemented and is recommended to use the following format:

<product>-<version>

product - Short name of the product

action - Version of the product

For example, to implement a command for Open Network Automation Platform (onap) version amsterdam, set the version as:

product : onap-amsterdam

CAUTION: product should not have any space character in it.

parameters

Every command has set of arguments to provide the input values and parameters section allows to add the required arguments details such as name, description, etc as list of entries.

name

name entry uniquely identifies the given argument. It can be of any alpha-numerical characters and dash(-). For example to provide the http port of an service, the parameter could be:

parameters:
- name: service-port

description

description entry allows to provide the details of the parameter. Its supported in similar approach with command description defined in above section. For example service-port could be described as:

parameters:

- name: service-port

description: Service HTTP port.

is_optional

is_optional entry allows to set the parameter is mandatory or not. By default, this entry is false. For example service-port could be made as as optional:

parameters:

- name: service-port

description: Service HTTP port.

is_optional: true

is_secured

is_secured entry allows to set the parameter is secured or not. By default, this entry is false. This is very useful for password kind of parameters.

For example service-port could be made as in-secured:

parameters:

- name: service-port

description: Service HTTP port.

is_optional: true

is_secured: false

default_value

default_value entry helps to provide the default value for the given parameter when that parameter is not provided during command execution.

Based on the type of parameter, default values are assigned as:

Type Default value
bool false
uuid Auto-generated uuid-4 string
string

Blank. Also it can be set default values from the system environment variable by mentioning it in the form of :

parameters:
  • default_value: ${ENV-VARIABLE-NAME}

For example to provide the http port of an service, the parameter could be:

parameters:

- name: service-port

description: Service HTTP port.

is_optional: true

is_secured: false

default_value: 8080

type

type entry allows to set the type of parameter such as boolean, integer, etc. For example to provide the http port of an service, the parameter type could be:

parameters:

- name: service-port

description: Service HTTP port.

is_optional: true

is_secured: false

default_value: 8080

type: long

Platform supports following types of parameter:

string

Any parameter value having a work or a line, string type is appropriate one. By default it is set to blank.

digit

Any parameter value having digit such as integers or floating values. For this type of parameter, platform does not set any default value. so while writing the parameter schematics, author should set the default_value if needed.

json

To set the value of parameter as JSON. Platform allows to input the JSON values either as direct one line string for simple json or complete file path for providing the complex json value. While user execute the command, based on the value of the JSON parameter, it could given as string or file path.

File path could start in the form of file://, http://, ftp://.

text

To set the value of parameter as text. Platform allows to input the text values either as direct one line string for simple text or complete file path for providing the complex text value. While user execute the command, based on the value of the text parameter, it could given as string or file path.

File path could start in the form of file://, http://, ftp://.

yaml

To set the value of parameter as yaml content. Platform allows to input the yaml values as complete file path. While user execute the command, YAML file needs to be created and provided that file’s complete path as input value.

File path could start in the form of file://, http://, ftp://.

bool

This type allows to set the parameter value to either true or false. By default, its value is false, So, when user wants to input the boolean parameter its sufficient to mention the parameter option with out mentioning ‘true’. For example, assume that command named ‘login’ defines the boolean input parameter ‘is_secure_connection’ to set the service connection is secured or not. For this command, while user input the value for parameter ‘is_secure_connection’, it is sufficient to mention the parameter without passing value. Both of the following command will have same effect:

login –is_secure_connection

login –is_secure_connection true

uuid

uuid type allows to make the parameter value as UUID. By default platform auto generates uuid-4 formated string.

url

url type allows to make the parameter value of URL/URI. Platform does not provide any default value for this type. so Author should provide the default_value, if needed during the template is created.

binary

binary type is very useful to pass the parameter as binary file and user should pass the complete path of the file.

array

To provide the same parameter multiple times array type helps. For example, when the command ‘rm’ is used, multiple file paths could be provided to remove all of them. In this kind of scenarios, array type supports and each parameter type is string

map

This is similar to array type and only differs the way the values are passed. In this type, values should be in the form of ‘<parameter-name>=<parameter-value>’

Optional and Positional parameters

The input arguments for a given command usually provided with prefixing options names or directly giving the value. Earlier case is called optional arguments and later is called as positional arguments. OCLIP platform supports both the type.

For optional arguments, two type of options are supported:

short option: option name is usually single character and when user input the corresponding parameter, who will prefix with single dash(-).

long option: option name is usually more than one characters and when user input the corresponding parameter, who will prefix with double dash(-).

For example, the service port could be defined as :

parameters:

- name: service-port

description: Service HTTP port.

is_optional: true

is_secured: false

default_value: 8080

type: long

short_option: p

long_option: service-port

When user inputs the service port, it could either of following formats

–service-port 8080

-p 8080

For postional arguments, author should not define both short_option and long_option and when OCLIP process this template, it will consider as positional arguments. There could be more than one positional arguments could be defined for a command, and OCLIP treats the sequence of the positional parameters defined under parameters section is consider as it’s position. For example, consider the below example:

parameters:

- name: param1

short_option: p1

long_option: param1

- name: param2

- name: param3

short_option: p3

long_option: param3

- name: param4

- name: param5

short_option: p5

long_option: param5

In this case, param2 and param4 are positional arguments as they are defined with out short and long options. so position of param2 is 1, for param4, it’s 2. When user inputs the value as :

–param1 v1 -p3 v3 v2 -p5 v5 v4

OCLIP platform identifies the positions in sequence. so for param2, value v2 will be assigned and for param4, value v4 will be assigned.

NOTE: User should only concern on the sequence of positional arguments while giving the values and no need to worry about the position at which value should be provided. so all of below sequence will yield the same result.

–param1 v1 -p3 v3 v2 -p5 v5 v4

v2 –param1 v1 v4 -p5 v5 -p3 v3

—param1 v1 -p3 -p5 v5 v3 v2 v4

default_parameters

OCLIP platform provides following default parameters for every command and author is allowed to customize the inclusion or exclusion of these input parameters for a given command.

name: host-username

type: string

description: Host user name

short_option: u

long_option: host-username

default_value: ${OPEN_CLI_HOST_USERNAME}

is_optional: false

name: host-password

type: string

description: Host user password

short_option: p

long_option: host-password

default_value: ${OPEN_CLI_HOST_PASSWORD}

is_secured: true

is_optional: false

name: host-url

type: url

description: Host url

short_option: m

long_option: host-url

is_optional: false

default_value: ${OPEN_CLI_HOST_URL}

name: help

type: string

description: Command help message

short_option: h

long_option: help

default_value: false

name: version

type: string

description: Command service version

short_option: v

long_option: version

default_value: false

name: debug

type: bool

description: Enable debug output

short_option: d

long_option: debug

default_value: false

name: format

type: string

description: Output formats, supported formats such as table, csv, json, yaml

short_option: f

long_option: format

default_value: table

name: long

type: bool

description: whether to print all attributes or only short attributes

short_option: s

long_option: long

default_value: false

name: no-title

type: bool

description: whether to print title or not

short_option: t

long_option: no-title

default_value: true

name: no-auth

type: bool

description: whether to authenticate user or not

short_option: a

long_option: no-auth

default_value: false

NOTE: no-auth parameter is very helpful to by-pass the login and logout phase of each commands. Please refer service section to find more details on login and logout.

results

Every command produces the output and results section helps to define the details of command outputs such as list of output attributes, the direction in which, result could be printed. More details are as follows.

direction

direction entity allows to configure the direction in which the results to be printed. It can be:

  • portrait : To print the results in two columns. First column is the name of the attribute and second column is the value of the attribute. It’s more useful while command does operations like creation of resource, viewing of resources.
  • landscape : To print the results row vise in landscape mode. It’s more useful while command does operations like listing of resource.

attributes

name

name entry uniquely identifies the given attribute. It can be of any alpha-numerical characters and dash(-). For example to print the status of an service, the attribute could be:

attributes:
- name: service-status

description

description entry allows to provide the details of the attribute. It’s supported in similar approach with command description defined in above section. For example service-status could be described as:

attributes:

- name: service-status

description: Service current status.

type

type entry allows to set the type of attribute such as string, digit, etc. Similar to the parameter’s type. currently it supports only string type.

For example, service-status could be:

attributes:

- name: service-status

description: Service current status.

type: string

scope

When a given command produces many results, most of the time no need to print all the attributes. SO OCLIP platform provides this scope entry to configure the attribute is printed by default or user should request to print it. So there are two scopes:

  • short : attribute configured with this option will always printed by default

  • long : attribute configured with this option will get printed only when user inputs the default parameter long, defined in default_parameters section. So to print all attributes of a command, user will input parameter:

    –long

A sample attribute for service-status could be:

attributes:

- name: service-status

description: Service current status.

type: string

scope: short

default_value

In some scenarios, author can set the default value to attribute which OCLIP assigns, when the value for that attribute is not available from back-end service in product.

http

OCLIP is enhanced to support REST API based products and http section is provided to capture all required details for performing http operation for the given command.

service

Whether its information technology(IT) domain or communication technology(CT) domain, every software product is made of one or more service components. For example, onap has different components like aai, msb, etc and these components provides different kind of resources/features and functionalities.

service entry allows to mention the details of the given software product’s service. This is an section and is having entries defined in below sections.

name

name entry allows to configure the service name. For example, to configure service component ‘aai’ in onap-amsterdam product,

service:
name: aai

CAUTION: This entry is very signification to discover this service from the service catalog and name should be matching with the service name registered in the catalog.

version

version entry allows to mention the particular version of service for which command is implemented. For example, the service ‘aai’ in the product ‘onap-amsterdam’ having versions like v11.

service:
version: v11

CAUTION: This entry is very signification to discover this service from the service catalog and version should be matching with the service version registered in the catalog.

mode

Some software product provides catalog service , where all service of that product could be discovered. While other product does not. OCLIP provides support for both kind of these products to implement commands and mode entry allows to configure this mode of operation.

CLIP supports in two different mode.

In catalog mode, OCLIP will discover the service details based on given name and version from the configured host-url parameter. For example, the product ‘onap-amsterdam’ provides the service ‘msb’ as the catalog service where all other services will get registered. so OCLIP can discover the given service such as ‘aai’ from the catalog service ‘msb’. In this mode, host-url will be configured with the msb service url. In this case:

service:
mode: catalog

NOTE: To see the details of host-url, refer the section default_parameters

In direct mode, OCLIP will not perform the discovery operation and consider the given host-url as the direct service url. In this case:

service:
mode: direct

NOTE: To see the details of host-url, refer the section default_parameters


auth

There are different kind of authentication and authorization approach exist and for OCLIP provides support for following approaches. Based on the approach configured in the template, OCLIP will login before executing the command and logout afterwards.

none

In this approach, no login and logout will be performed. This is useful during the development cycle, as well as some services are available in public without authentication of user. In this approach, OCLIP ignores the given host-username and host-password. So the none auth is defined by:

service:
auth: none

NOTE: To see the details of host-username and host-password, refer the section default_parameters

basic

This is HTTP basic authentication approach and given host-username and host-password values are used to find the hash and use it as Authentication value. So the none auth is defined by:

service:
auth: basic

NOTE: To see the details of host-username and host-password, refer the section default_parameters

request section captures all HTTP request information as:

uri

uri entry allows to mention the REST API URI. Based on the service mode, this entry will vary. * when the mode is ‘direct’, it should be configured with out host-url portion in it. For example, if the REST API is ‘<host-url>/v1/service1/resource1, in which

  • /v1/service1 - base path
  • /resource1 - service resource path.

then this entry will be:

request:
uri: /v1/service1/resource1

when the mode is ‘catalog’, OCLIP will discover the base path from the ‘catalog’ service, so this entry need to be configured only with resource path as:

request:
uri: /resource1

method

method entry allows to configure the HTTP methods GET, PUT, POST, DELETE, etc. For example, to get the resource1:

request:

uri: /resource1

method: GET

body

body entry allows to mention the request body in json format, by default. And OCLIP adds ‘application/json’ header in the HTTP request. Otherwise, body could have complete path to binary file, in case request body is binary and multipart_entity_name should be configured with entity name provided by REST API.

headers

headers entry allows to add REST API specific headers. By default OCLIP adds ‘application/json’ as content-type and accept, also it will adds authentication headers such as ‘Authentication’ in case auth is of type ‘basic’.

For example, to add the sample header :

request:

uri: /resource1

method: GET

headers:

header1: value1

header2: value2

queries

queries entry allows to add REST API specific queries. For example, to add the sample queries :

request:

uri: /resource1

method: GET

queries:

q1: value1

q2: value2

context

context entry allows to customize the HTTP request and response processing.

Following are the supported customization parameters:

remove_empty_node : By default, OCLIP does not remove the empty json entries

in request body. Otherwise set this entry to true as below.

request:

context:
remove_empty_node: true

success_codes

Every REST API has set of success codes and OCLIP will treat the HTTP request made based on the value configured in these http sections, only if success_codes contains the HTTP response status code.

result_map

This section allows to configure the require ‘jpath’ expression to retrieve the values from the HTTP response body.

NOTE: Currently only http response body is supported only with json type.

For example, if a http response ‘{“service_status”: “green”} then to retrieve the service status and assign to result attribute service_status as :

result_map:
service_status: $b{$.service_status}

Here, $b is detailed in section ‘macros’ of this document. and ‘$.service_status’ is jpath expression.

macros

OCLIP platform provides various marcos to fill http entries with the value of parameters, headers , etc Every macro is in the form of <macro name> followed by {<macro details>}Followings are the supported macros:

Macro Definitions
${param-name} To retrieve the value from parameter named ‘param-name’
$s{env:env-name} To retrieve the value from environment variable ‘env-name’
$s{uuid} To set the value in uuid4 format
$h{header-name} To retrieve the value from header named ‘header-name’
$q{query-name} To retrieve the value from query named ‘query-name’
$b{jpath} To retrieve the value from response body using the ‘jpath’ expression.

samples

OCLIP provides way to setup and verify the OCS yaml by using the open_cli_sample_version 1.0 specification, which provides options to capture the samples and expected out for the given moco environment.