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AAI REST API

Overview

The A&AI REST API provides access to the A&AI active inventory graph. The API is largely configured off of models and configuration files. Each vertex in the graph has an API that can be called separately or, if part of a tree structure, as a nested element with one or more generations (parent, grandparent, etc.).

The edges of the graph are provisioned using a relationship list construct. For PUT methods, a relationship contains the vertex type or category (related-to) and a URI that provides the identity of the resource within A&AI. The URI can be used with the server root to call A&AI to get more details of the related resource but cannot be cached for long periods. (e.g., the version of the URI may get deprecated when the release changes).

The REST API describes each API that A&AI provides, independent of the caller of the API, therefore there is no information to be found here regarding the expectations on the callers. That information is conveyed in AID documents for each client. AIDs will describe the information expected from specific clients, but may not contain the full payloads that would be needed on an update. Please see the concurrency notes referenced below in order to do the right kind of PUTs (GET, replace just what you are changing, PUT) or use the PATCH capability.

Deprecation Warnings and History

AAI will maintain backwards compatibility for three prior releases. This means, with the introduction of v14 AAI will support v11 (Amsterdam), v13 (Beijing), v14 (Casablanca), and v16 (Dublin)

Dublin (v16)

Clients can call the REST API with any valid path ending in /relationship-list to retrieve just the relationship-list for that object.

For example:
  • /network/generic-vnfs/generic-vnf/{vnf-id}/relationship-list returns just the relationship-list of relationships for that generic-vnf
  • /cloud-infrastructure/cloud-regions/cloud-region/{cloud-owner}/{cloud-region-id}/tenants/tenant/{tenant-id}/vservers/vserver/{vserver-name}/relationship-list returns just the relationship-list of relationships for that vserver

Custom Queries for replacing named queries are now available for clients to switch to.

Casablanca (v14)

  • A new API called recents API is now available mostly intended for DCAE use.
  • A new and improved bulk api interface is also available now.
  • More details on the above APIs can be found in wiki pages referenced in sections below.

Beijing (v13)

  • To handle security vulnerabilities that were raised as part of Nexus IQ scans in ONAP, the APIs are being hosted on a spring-boot with Jetty web container.

  • The deletion rules are now applied to all the nodes that will be deleted by the delete request.

    For example, if the graph is:

    nodeA nodeD

    If nodeA is parent of nodeB and nodeB is parent of nodeC

    nodeA CASCADE_TO_CHILDREN
    nodeB CASCADE_TO_CHILDREN
    nodeC ERROR_IF_IN_EDGES
  • If request is to delete nodeA, it would fail because nodeC has an in edge from a node not being deleted in this transaction.

  • A configurable server timeout was implemented to make sure the AAI server did not continue processing the request long after a client times out on their side. An error code ERR.5.4.7406 will be returned when this limit is hit. A configuration for clients known to have longer running queries currently overrides the default value.

  • To handle a risk identified by Fortify scans, a maxOccurs of 5000 was added to the XSD.

API changes

  • DELETE request will generate a DMAAP event for each node deleted (not just the for which the DELETE request was made)

  • Relationship list

    Starting with Casablanca, multiple edges can exist in the graph between the same 2 nodes. The REST API has been enhanced via changing the relationship-list so clients can specify which edge they are creating and differentiate multiple edges between the same 2 nodes. Backwards compatibility with older API versions that do notspecify the edge will be maintained.

  • A new property “relationship-label” has been added that when specified will be used to create any new edge. If not specified the default edge label between the two nodes will be used. The relationship-label will always be returned with the v12 version of GETs whenever the relationship-list is returned.

{
    "relationship-list": {
        "relationship": [
            {
                "related-link": "/aai/v12/cloud-infrastructure/complexes/complex/6d8f945d-8bd2-4fa2-ad37-36b21fc8fb23-PS2418",
                "related-to": "complex",
                "relationship-data": [
                    {
                        "relationship-key": "complex.physical-location-id",
                        "relationship-value": "6d8f945d-8bd2-4fa2-ad37-36b21fc8fb23-PS2418"
                    }
                ],
                "relationship-label": "locatedIn"
            }
        ]
    }
}

Amsterdam (v11)

API retirements:

  • The actions/update API will be retired. Clients must switch to PATCH. There is one grandfathered usage for vpe update flows which will be retired in v11.
  • The edge tag query will be retired.

Notable attribute and/or valid value changes (generally also impacts events):

  • The persona-model-id and persona-version will be replaced with model-invariant-id (same value as persona-model-id) and model-version-id (the UUID of the specific version of a model). Persona-model-customization-id will be replaced by model-customization-id.
  • The operational-state attribute will be replaced by operational-status and the only valid values will be in-service-path and out-of-service-path
  • The vpn-binding object will be split in two to reflect more than one route-target per binding. The route-target will be a child of vpn-binding and some attributes will move from vpn-binding to route-target.
  • The following license related attributes will be removed from generic-vnf: license-key, entitlement-assignment-group-uuid, entitlement-resource-uuid, license-assignment-group-uuid, and license-key-uuid due to the introduction of the entitlement and license children.

Event Specific:

  • Normal impacts due to renaming or adding attributes, splitting objects, etc. Please see swagger documentation for objects of interest.
  • In v11, clients that require lineage, children, or relationship information need to subscribe to a different DMaaP topic than the current one.

Relationship List

  • The related-link will be a URI and thus not contain https://{serverroot} (impacts events)
  • The related-link will be used on a PUT as the “first choice” to identify the related resource. The relationship-data structure, which contains the unordered set of keys, is still an acceptable way to relate two objects but, if both the relationship-data and the related-link are passed, and they don’t agree, the related-link will be used without warning that the data is inconsistent.
  • The relationship-data will be ignored on PUT.

Future Warning

In the future, the hope is that individual node definitions will be separately versioned from API behavior and from one another (e.g., vserver hasn’t changed in many releases and so doesn’t need to have its “definition” version updated).

Because relationships are starting to become more complex, it may be necessary for AAI to expose to clients the exact relationship between two nodes. This will likely be done with a relationship-type attribute of relationships in the relationship-list.

To support the concept of events getting generated on specific changed items, AAI will be migrating towards a model of asking clients to do the most granular PUTs possible rather than leveraging the nested elements of a tree structure.

The vce, port-group, cvlan-tag, newvce, vpe, oam-network, and dvs-switch objects will eventually be deprecated in favor of generic-vnf, l3-network, ctag-assignment, segmentation-assignment, and TBD.

L3-network will eventually be replaced by virtual-network.

How to Use this Document

The only attributes in our objects that are declared required are those which we know will be present at the creation of each object and which are needed to support the construction of the AAI Graph. This does not imply that one of AAI’s clients doesn’t need data.

When you click on the API documentation, you will see the Summary of APIs broken down by namespace (e.g., cloud-infrastructure, business, network, service-design-and-creation). You can search for Tag: (matching the explicit case) to move from namespace to namespace through the Summary.

Search for Paths to skip past the Summary section where there will be more detail about each API. Query parameters are provided here, as well as links to our error codes.

Search for Schema definitions to see the definitions of the payloads. In your browser URL, you can type /#/definitions/node-name at the end of the html address to skip directly to a payload definition.

Note that the schema definitions now contain information about the delete scope of a node, edges, and some related node information. Given this information can now be generated, it is no longer repeated in this document.

Once AAI has a model and configured it, the AAI development server can be used to generate sample XML and JSON payloads, according to the Accept header passed in the request. This is done by calling the “plural” version of an API followed by the word example (e.g., /vserver/vservers/example). This returns a GET result array with one entry. That single entry can be sent in a PUT request with actual data (the resource-id does not need to be in the PUT payload as it is on the URL).

Finally, custom queries that are not simple GETs of a resource must be identified to AAI as separate user stories. This includes searching for a resource with other attributes on the same resource, as well as searching for resources based on their relationship with other objects.

AAI API Definition

Namespaces

Cloud Infrastructure Domain

The Cloud Infrastructure domain (cloud-infrastructure) represents the assets managed within a cloud site. This includes the complex, the physical servers, the availability zones, oam-networks, tenants, and vserver-related resources (vservers, flavors, images, etc.).

Tenants, oam-networks, availability-zones, volume-groups, images, flavors, and dvs-switches will have cloud-region as its parent node.

Network Domain

The network namespace contains virtual and physical network resources as well as connection resources such as physical links, logical links, lag links, etc.

The vce/port-group/cvlan-tag tree represents an immature model that blended several resources together in ways that were expedient but which need to be re-evaluated. A newvce object exists which was the basis of the generic-vnf object. Future efforts will attempt to migrate vce and vpe into generic-vnf.

Business Domain

The business namespace captures customers, service-subscriptions, and service-instances. This domain is immature and will be evolving as service design and creation starts to gel.

Customers and service-subscriptions in particular will be evolving soon. Any service that is customer facing will see customer and service-subscription data offboarding to BSSs. The service-instance-id will be the “join point” within the BSS to correlate the service-instance to the product and customer. Services that are for infrastructure purposes will have a new entity, an owning-entity, to replace the customer. The owning-entity will be related to the SDC service models that use it.

Service Design and Creation

The service design and creation namespace captures data we invented based on what we thought SDC would eventually provide. The structure of that data is definitely not what the current plans are for SDC however we need to at least capture the spirit of what’s intended and communicate that across ONAP sub components that need it.

To date, there are only five containers:

  1. Service-capabilities capture the pairings of service to resources. At the time of construction, the only data we had to denote service was the service-type from SO. The vnf-type is the resource.
  2. Service captures the service model instances and this will be deprecated in the future as things mature
  3. Vnf-image captures information about the resource image needed for a VNF. This was created due to there being no info available on the vservers that run on uCPE
  4. Models captures model definitions (subgraph definitions using the AAI widgets)
  5. named-queries capture subgraph definitions that allow different data to be retrieved for a given type of asset

Security

All REST APIs must be called using https.

HTTPS Basic Authentication will be used to authenticate clients. The remote user from the HTTP Servlet Request is used against an AAI policy to see if the authenticated user is authorized for the resource and actions being request.

Client should use credentials provided to their system via AAF.

Headers

The following will be used for logging and interface diagnostic purposes.

  • X-FromAppId Unique Application ID assigned to the user of these APIs
  • X-TransactionId Unique ID that identifies an API request

The X-FromAppId will be assigned to each application by the AAI team. The X-TransactionId must be unique to each transaction within the context of an X-FromAppId.

SO, SDN-C, and AAI have agreed to use the Java UUID class to generate unique ids for X-TransactionId.

The Accept and Content-type header should be set to either application/json or application/xml except as documented for PATCH.

Response Codes and Error Handling

AAI will use the following HTTP codes

HTTP Codes:

  • 200 – Success
  • 201 – Created
  • 202 - Accepted
  • 204 – Success, no payload returned
  • 400 - Bad Request
  • 401 - Unauthorized
  • 403 - Forbidden
  • 404 - Not Found
  • 405 – Method Not Allowed
  • 409 - The request could not be completed due to a conflict with the current state of the target resource. This code is used in situations where the user might be able to resolve the conflict and resubmit the request. If the resource version doesn’t match AAI or a required resource version isn’t sent but should have been
  • 410 - You are using a version of the API that has been retired
  • 412 – Precondition failed (If the resource version doesn’t match AAI or arequired resource version isn’t sent but should have been
  • 415 – Unsupported Media Type
  • 500 - Internal Server Error
Successful PUT responses shall return the following codes:
  • 200 (OK): used when an existing resource has been modified and there is a response buffer
  • 201 (Created): MUST be used when a new resource is created
  • 202 (Accepted): used when AAI completed the action requested but may have taken other actions as well, which are returned in the response payload
  • 204 (No Content): used when the existing resource has been modified and there is no response buffer
Successful DELETE responses shall return the following codes:
  • 200 (OK): for a successful response if the response includes an entity describing the status.
  • 204 (No Content): if the action has been enacted but the response does not include an entity.
Successful GET responses shall return the following codes:
  • 200 (OK): for a successful response for a resource that has been found
  • 404 (Not Found) for a successful response retrieving a list of items and there were no items found, i.e., the GET of the specific plural resource was not found
  • 404 (Not Found): when a specific resource was not found
Failures:
  • 400 Bad Request will be returned if headers are missing
  • 404 Not Found will be returned if an unknown URL is used

In addition, the standard response buffer will be structured as follows unless otherwise specified. There are two types of requestErrors.

  • Service Exceptions – These exceptions occur when a service is unable to process a request and retrying the request will result in a consistent failure (e.g., an application provides invalid input).
  • Policy Exceptions – These exceptions occur when a policy criteria has not been met (e.g., the (N+1)th request arrives when an application’s service level agreement only allows N transactions per time interval).

Italics are specific to the error returned, and generally described in the notes

HTTP/1.1 405 Method Not Allowed
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: nnnnn
Date: Thu, 04 Jun 2009 02:51:59 GMT
{
   “requestError”:{
     “policyException”:{
     “messageId”:"POL8007",
     “text”:”The resource was invoked with an unsupported operation: %1.”,
     “variables”: [”PUT”]
   }
}

Notes:

  1. On the first line, substitute the appropriate status response code.
  2. On the second line, substitute the appropriate content type.
  3. Express the requestError structure in the required content type (e.g., either JSON or XML). AAI will use JSON.
  4. ‘requestError’ contains either a ‘policyException’ or a ‘serviceException’ structure.
  5. url is optional

In 1512, AAI is introducing a response payload that is possible during a successful PUT. This payload is used to inform the client that, while AAI completed the action requested, the result could be interpreted as a warning or request for additional action, as negotiated with the client.

Sample response to a vserver PUT where the pserver and complex did not exist:

{"responseMessages": {"responseMessage": [
     {
     "messageId": "INF0003",
     "text": "Success with additional info performing %1 on %2. Added %3 with key %4 (msg=%5) (rc=%6)",
     "variables": {"variable":       [
        "PUTvserver",
        "ccwvm388",
        "complex",
        "physical-location-id=fakeccwcomplex",
        "Added prerequisite object to db:complex",
        "0.3.0004"
     ]}
 },
     {
     "messageId": "INF0003",
     "text": "Success with additional info performing %1 on %2. Added %3 with key %4 (msg=%5) (rc=%6)",
     "variables": {"variable":       [
        "PUTvserver",
        "ccwvm388",
        "pserver",
        "hostname=fakeccwpserver",
        "Added prerequisite object to db:pserver",
        "0.3.0004"
     ]}
  }
]}}

Referential Integrity

AAI is primarily a view to the relationships between instances of services, physical and virtual components, etc. It stores just the details it needs to be efficient to its tasks and knows how to get more details if needed.

As such, a transaction sent to AAI may be refused if would break referential integrity. The referential integrity rules of AAI are still evolving as we understand the services and customers that will use us.

AAI uses a graph database on a NoSQL data store. The following are true for AAI:

  • Some vertices are exposed to the outside world through APIs, others are internal to how we store the data (i.e., it may look like one resource to our customers but it is expressed as more than one vertex in our graph)
  • Vertices that are internal to AAI will be deleted when the parent vertex is deleted, if deletion of the parent leaves the child vertex orphaned
  • Vertices that are exposed need to be managed using specific rules for each vertex.
  • Vertices may have more than just parent/child relationships. One example is a vserver, which will be owned by a tenant and used by a VNF.

URLs Sent To and Retrieved From A&AI

A&AI receives URLs from clients that point back to that client in order to get more details about the data sent to A&AI. A&AI expects the URLs sent by clients (e.g., self links) to be URL encoded (UTF-8) and A&AI will store them unchanged.

URIs that A&AI constructs that point to A&AI resources will be returned URLEncoded (UTF-8) to clients. This affects URIs in relationship lists and search results. Note that A&AI used to send URLs but, as reported in the 1707 impacts, these will now be URIs.

A&AI expects space to be %20, and not plus(+).

The Relationship-List

The REST interface does not lend itself to creating more than parent-child relationships and the backend structure of AAI is a graph. A goal of AAI, and shared with ONAP, is to do as little coding as possible to introduce a new service into the service design and creation environment.

To that end, we’ve introduced a relationship-list structure. AAI will ask its clients to provide certain data in the relationship-list structure.

Each relationship has a related-to attribute and a list of key/value pairs. The related-to attribute identifies the node type that the resource being acted on is to be related to using the data in the key/value pairs. AAI will encode a set of rules for each resource type to verify that only valid edges are being made. AAI will keep the directionality and cardinality, and the edge attributes within its own logic. In the near future, the definition of relationships, their validity, and cardinality will be captured in the ONAP TOSCA models.

AAI also has a concept of a related-to category. To date, the only category is vnf. The vnf category is used as the related-to value to indicate that the relationship being establish is to a Virtual Network Function of unknown type. The vnf-id happens to be unique for all services across all nodes in the graph. By providing vnf.vnf-id with a specific value, AAI can look at all VNFs in the graph and find the appropriate vertex. Note that this only applies to PUTs.

Category vnf is used for node types of vce, vpe, and generic-vnf.

If an attempt is made to add a relationship to a node that doesn’t exist (e.g., from a vserver to a vnf, and the vnf doesn’t exist), a unique message Id (3003) will be returned with a specific error code (ERR.5.4.6129). Arguments will tell the client which node type was missing (e.g., vnf) and the key data for that node type (vnf.vnf-id).

Single relationships can be PUT to the graph in the following way:

https://{serverRoot}/{namespace}/{resource}/relationship-list/relationship

or

https://aai.onap:8443/aai/v16/cloud-infrastructure/pservers/pserver/pserver-123456789-01/p-interfaces/p-interface/p-interface-name-123456789-01/l-interfaces/l-interface/l-interface-name-123456789-01/relationship-list/relationship

with a payload containing the relationship information.

AAI will accept and give preference to the related-link URI

XML

<relationship xmlns="http://org.onap.aai.inventory/vX">
  <related-link>*/aai/v16/network/logical-links/logical-link/logical-link-123456789-01*</related-link>
  <related-to>logical-link</related-to>
  <relationship-data>
    <relationship-key>logical-link.link-name</relationship-key>
    <relationship-value>logical-link-123456789-01</relationship-value>
  </relationship-data>
</relationship>

JSON

{
    "related-link": " /aai/v16/network/logical-links/logical-link/logical-link-123456789-01",
    "related-to": "logical-link",
    "relationship-data": [
        {
            "relationship-key": "logical-link.link-name",
            "relationship-value": " logical-link-123456789-01"
        }
    ]
}

Health Check API

The util domain is where AAI locates utility functions. There is currently one utility function, echo, which serves as a ping test that authenticated authorized clients can call to ensure there is connectivity with AAI.

The URL for the echo utility is:

https://aai.onap:8443/aai/util/echo

If the response is unsuccessful, an error will be returned following the standard format.

The successful payload returns the X-FromAppId and X-TransactionId sent by the client.

Successful XML Response Payload

<Info>
   <responseMessages>
      <responseMessage>
         <messageId>INF0001</messageId>
         <text>Success X-FromAppId=%1 X-TransactionId=%2 (msg=%3) (rc=%4)</text>
         <variables>
            <variable>CCW</variable>
            <variable>CCW33335</variable>
            <variable>Successful health check:OK</variable>
            <variable>0.0.0002</variable>
         </variables>
      </responseMessage>
   </responseMessages>
</Info>

Successful JSON Response Payload

{
    "responseMessages": {
        "responseMessage": [
            {
                "messageId": "INF0001",
                "text": "Success X-FromAppId=%1 X-TransactionId=%2 (msg=%3) (rc=%4)",
                "variables": {
                    "variable": [
                        "CCW",
                        "CCW33335",
                        "Successful health check:OK",
                        "0.0.0002"
                    ]
                }
            }
        ]
    }
}

AAI Resources CRUD APIs

The API structure is composed of:

  • The HTTP command, which indicates the operation to perform
  • The HTTP URI, which defines what object this operation is related to
  • The HTTP version, which MUST be 1.1

Available HTTP commands are:

  • PUT: used to create or update an object
  • DELETE: used to delete an object or a set of objects
  • GET : used to query an object or set of objects
  • PATCH : used to update specific fields owned by the client doing the update

The HTTP URI is built according to this pattern:

https://{serverRoot}/{namespace}/{resource}
  • {serverRoot} refers to the server base url: hostname+port+base path+version. Port and base path are OPTIONAL but AAI will use port 8443 and base path aai. Note that the base path may change before production, so please make this configurable. Versions will change as releases are made.
  • {namespace} refers to the API namespace. Supported namespaces are cloud-infrastructure, business, service-design-and-creation, and network
  • {resource} refers to how the object is identified according to the namespace specifications.

Example GET Request

GET https://aai.onap:8443/aai/v16/cloud-infrastructure/cloud-regions/cloud-region/{cloud-owner}/{cloud-region-id}

Data Assumptions

Given AAI is largely a correlation engine among disparate inventory types, AAI will for the most part accept values as they are sent, without validating the format or value of the input. It is incumbent upon the source of truth to provide valid information to AAI.

Clients should either use the PATCH API to only change the attribute values they mean to change, or do a GET prior to a PUT and change only the data that they mean to affect.

The PUT REST APIs expect the payload passed to replace the resource in AAI. A GET before PUT is vital in our concurrency scheme. The client will be returned an opaque value per entity which needs to be returned back in the PUT. AAI will reject the PUT or DELETE if the opaque value doesn’t match what AAI has stored for that entity.

If an attribute has been added to a model in vN+1, and a GET/PUT of a vN resource is done, AAI should not affect the new attribute (i.e., it should be left unchanged).

Concurrency Control

Concurrency control for AAI is in place.

  • A client always gets a resource before updating through PUT or deleting it.
  • All resource updates and deletions are done via the AAI REST APIs
  • This solution will apply to PUT and DELETE operations.
  • The resource-version attribute is now in every container
  • The PATCH REST verb is not subject to concurrency control, because it is only intended to be used by clients who are the definitive source of truth for the attributes they are changing. An update through the PATCH API will however reset the resource-version so clients using PUT and DELETE will not risk updating with stale data. If a client would like us to do concurrency control for PATCH, we will need a feature request. PATCH is recommended for clients who know they are the definitive source of data, as there is less risk of destroying other data.

If you use PUT, you MUST send back the entire resource, not just the pieces you know about. This is best illustrated by example. Note: Specific interfaces only show you the data you are responsible for but that does not mean that’s all the data that the resource you GET will contain. You are responsible to overlay only your changes and leave everything else untouched.

Imagine this is the existing resource:

{
    "node-id": "valueOfNodeId",
    "node-name": "valueOfNodeName",
    "prov-status": "NVTPROV",
    "relationship-list": {
        "relationship": [
            {
                "related-link": " /aai/v16/network/generic-vnfs/generic-vnf/generic-vnf-20160902a",
                "related-to": "generic-vnf",
                "relationship-data": [
                    {
                        "relationship-key": "generic-vnf.vnf-id",
                        "relationship-value": "generic-vnf-20160902a"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "related-link": " /aai/v16/network/generic-vnfs/generic-vnf/generic-vnf-20161010",
                "related-to": "generic-vnf",
                "relationship-data": [
                    {
                        "relationship-key": "generic-vnf.vnf-id",
                        "relationship-value": "generic-vnf-20161010"
                    }
                ]
            }
        ]
    },
    "resource-version": "1474912794"
}

And you want to update the name and add a relationship to an l3-network.

The payload you need to send back, if you choose PUT, is this. The node-name and the third relationship block is the new data, and the other data and relationships previously existed and must still be PUT.

{
    "node-id": "valueOfNodeId",
    "node-name": "NEWvalueOfNodeName",
    "prov-status": "NVTPROV",
    "relationship-list": {
        "relationship": [
            {
                "related-link": " /aai/v16/network/generic-vnfs/generic-vnf/generic-vnf-20160902a",
                "related-to": "generic-vnf",
                "relationship-data": [
                    {
                        "relationship-key": "generic-vnf.vnf-id",
                        "relationship-value": "generic-vnf-20160902a"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "related-link": " /aai/v16/network/generic-vnfs/generic-vnf/generic-vnf-20161010",
                "related-to": "generic-vnf",
                "relationship-data": [
                    {
                        "relationship-key": "generic-vnf.vnf-id",
                        "relationship-value": "generic-vnf-20161010"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "related-link": " /aai/v16/network/l3-networks/l3-network/network-name-for-me",
                "related-to": "l3-network",
                "relationship-data": [
                    {
                        "relationship-key": "l3-network.network-name",
                        "relationship-value": "network-name-for-me"
                    }
                ]
            }
        ]
    },
    "resource-version": "1474912794"
}

A Warning About PUT and Lists

The PUT verb is used to both create and replace a resource. A given resource may have child resources (e.g., customers have service subscriptions, generic-vnfs have vf-modules, tenants have vservers and vservers have volumes).

The following convention will be followed:

If a resource is replaced and there are no tags for children, the children that exist will be left alone.

If a resource is replaced and there are tags for children, the children will be replaced by the list passed. If the list is empty, then children will be deleted.

Note that the relationship list is a type of child resource. The same conventions are followed. It is especially critical to ensure that you do not send an incomplete relationship list and therefore remove edges in the graph. See The Relationship-List for more information on relationship lists. See Concurrency Control for an example of GET followed by PUT containing the entire resource (i.e., overlaying your changes on what already exists so that you don’t wipe out other data).

PATCH

To move towards industry standards and to make our APIs easier to use by clients who own specific attributes and do not require AAI to enforce concurrency control around them, the PATCH verb has been introduced.

  • RFC Algorithm implemented JSON Merge PATCH: RFC 7386
  • HTTP Verb = PATCH
  • Clients can send a POST with “X-HTTP-Method-Override” = “PATCH” and Content-Type = “application/merge-patch+json” to send a PATCH request to AAI.
  • PATCH does not support XML
  • PATCH does not require a resource version to perform these modifications
  • Clients should only send what they wish to modify and whose value they “own”
  • PATCH returns a 200 with no response body for success

Example:

PATCH  https://aai.onap:8443/aai/v16/network/generic-vnfs/generic-vnf/cscf0001v
{
   "vnf-id": "cscf0001v", <-- This key needs to be here but you cannot modify the key
   "regional-resource-zone": null,
   "ipv4-oam-address": "10.10.99.11"
}

This payload would result in the generic-vnf with the vnf-id = cscf0001v having ipv4-oam-address set to “10.10.99.11” and regional-resource-zone having its value removed from the database.

Note: PATCH is used only to update attributes on a single node that already exists in AAI. That means it is not applicable to lists of any type.

  • You do not manage relationships with PATCH. There is a relationship API for that.
  • You cannot include child objects in a PATCH payload, i.e., you cannot PATCH an l3-network’s attributes as well as supply some subnet children or their attributes within the same PATCH payload. You can GET/overlay/PUT parent/child payloads or you can PUT or PATCH each object individually with separate REST API calls.

Optional Query Parameters

A depth query parameter is available allowing a query to stop after it has reached a certain point in the graph. This allows clients to minimize the data that is returned to them and make the queries more performant. A depth=0 will return information of the node referred to by the URI only without any information on the children.

Example

GET https://aai.onap:8443/aai/v16/cloud-infrastructure/cloud-regions/cloud-region/{cloud-owner}/{cloud-region-id}?depth=0

A nodes-only parameter is available allowing a query to only display the properties of the nodes being queried without any relationship information. This allows clients to minimize data that is returned to them and make the queries more performant.

Example

GET https://aai.onap:8443/aai/v16/cloud-infrastructure/cloud-regions/cloud-region/{cloud-owner}/{cloud-region-id}?nodes-only

These parameters may be used in combination with each other.

Example

GET https://aai.onap:8443/aai/v14/cloud-infrastructure/cloud-regions/cloud-region/{cloud-owner}/{cloud-region-id}?depth=0&nodes-only

Delete Scope and Edges

An attempt to remove a node which would result in a delete scope being violated will return error 5.4.6110.

The swagger documentation has been updated to show information about delete scope and edges.

Here is a subset of the generic-vnf definition that will be used to demonstrate how the delete scope and edges are documented.

The following table summarizes actions AAI will take upon deletion of a resource, i.e., its default delete scope:

ERROR_IF_ANY_EDGES If the resource being deleted has any edges at all an error should be returned
ERROR_IF_ANY_IN_EDGES If the resource being deleted has any edges that point IN towards it, an error should be returned
THIS_NODE_ONLY Delete the vertex being requested by first deleting its edge to other vertices, but do not delete the other vertices. Note, the delete will be rejected if the deletion target has DEPENDENT children (e.g., tenants that have vservers)
CASCADE_TO_CHILDREN Cascade the delete through vertices who have a parentOf relationship to the vertex being deleted, as long as the vertex is orphaned by the delete of its parent
ERROR_4_IN_EDGES_OR_CASCADE Error if there are any in edges and, if not, cascade to children

Edge Documentation

  • Node A is the object being defined - e.g., generic-vnf
  • Node B is the XXX of OUT TO XXX
  • Direction is always Node A OUT TO Node B. Node A has requirement satisfied by Node B and the relationship is the edgelabel
  • Multiplicity is listed on the OUT TO edges
  • The former hasDelTarget is indicated by deletion statements that make it clear what gets deleted as a side effect of deleting something else.
  • The former isChild is indicated by full statements
generic-vnf: object
General purpose VNF

Default Delete Scope

CASCADE_TO_CHILDREN

 * OUT TO vnfc (org.onap.relationships.inventory.Uses, One2Many, delete of generic-vnf will delete vnfc)
 * IN FROM l-interface (l-interface child of generic-vnf)
 * IN FROM service-instance

Server Timeout

A Server timeout is implemented for these APIs to make sure the server did not continue processing the request long after a client times out on their side. An error code ERR.5.4.7406 will be returned when this limit is hit. The default value for Resources API is 60 secs. The clients should set their timeouts accordingly.

Bulk APIs

The Bulk API allows clients to make multiple requests in a single transaction. Please look for additional details on the following wiki page: Bulk API

Nodes API

In working with A&AI’s standard REST API, you may have noticed that certain API paths have a hierarchy to them and require a client to know multiple object keys to preform GETs. For example: the vserver object is under tenant, which is itself under cloud-region. If you wanted to look up a vserver by name, you would still need to know the tenant-id and cloud-region-id (and cloud-owner) in order to successfully perform that GET. The nodes API allows for more freedom in querying A&AI, allowing clients to circumvent the need to know every key in the hierarchy.

See Nodes API for more information.

AAI Traversal APIs

Not all queries of the graph are purely GETs of a specific resource and its related vertexes. The following capabilities are available to meet more advanced search needs. Please contact the AAI team if you need another search.

Nodes Query

The Nodes Query mechanism was implemented in support of searching the pservers which do not have the ipv4-oam-ipaddress set. It will allow nodes to be searched based on certain properties of the nodes. It will allow search based on properties being set, not set or set to specific values.

Please reference Nodes Query for details on the API and test queries.

Generic Queries

The Generic Query mechanism allows to search for certain nodes of “include” node types at a specified “depth” from the from a particular start node of type “start-node-type” identified by specifying its “key” values

Model Based Query and Delete

AAI supports a search and delete capability that allows a client to retrieve or delete an instance of a service based on the model subgraph definition provided to AAI by ASDC.

The instance filters must uniquely identify a service instance.

The URL is as follows:

https://{serverRoot}/aai/search/model[?action=DELETE]
{
    "query-parameters": {
        "model": {
            "model-invariant-id": "$modelInvariantId",
            "model-vers": {
                "model-ver": [
                    {
                        "model-version-id": "$modelVersionId"
                    }
                ]
            }
        },
        "instance-filters": {
            "instance-filter": [
                {
                    "customer": {
                        "global-customer-id": "$globalCustID"
                    },
                    "service-instance": {
                        "resource-version": "$resourceversionID",
                        "service-instance-id": "$serviceInstanceID"
                    },
                    "service-subscription": {
                        "service-type": "$serviceType"
                    }
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

Named Query

These queries provide the ability to upload a json file describing the inputs and designed output based on traversing the graph in a particular way. Existing named queries are supported but will be migrated to custom queries. Named queries will be deprecated (no new queries, just support for existing ones) in Dublin and clients will be asked to migrate to use the custom queries instead.

Custom Query

This API provides AAI clients an API for complex data retrieval. To execute a custom query, a client will perform an HTTP PUT request on the query API and include a payload indicating the starting node and the query to be run. While the client is performing a PUT request, this is actually a data query and no data is created or changed.

Assumptions

No. Assumption Approach
1 Assume that client will not request large amounts of data from AAI w/out using secondary filters  

Depdendencies

Data has been PUT to AAI prior to the query.

Custom Query URI

PUT /aai/v$/query?format={format}

Query Formats

The format determines what information is returned from the query. Acceptable formats are: count, id, pathed, resource, resource_and_url, or simple.

count

Provides an count of the objects returned in the query.

PUT /aai/v$/query?format=count

Example reponse

{
  "results": [
    {
      "pnf": 4,
      "p-interface": 5,
      "l-interface": 3,
      "pserver": 1
    }
  ]
}
id

Provides an array of objects containing resource-type (AAI’s node type; i.e., pnf) and a URI using the vertex ID from AAI’s graph.

PUT /aai/v$/query?format=id

Example Response

{
  "results": [
    {
      "resource-type": "complex",
      "resource-link": "/aai/v1/resources/id/8159312"
    },
    {
      "resource-type": "complex",
      "resource-link": "/aai/v1/resources/id/389256"
    }
  ]
}
pathed

Provides an array of objects containing resource-type (AAIs node type; i.e., pnf) and a URI using the AAI REST API pathed URIs

PUT /aai/v$/query?format=pathed

Example Response

{
  "results": [
    {
      "resource-type": "complex",
      "resource-link": "/aai/v1/cloud-infrastructure/complexes/complex/complex1"
    },
    {
      "resource-type": "complex",
      "resource-link": "/aai/v1/cloud-infrastructure/complexes/complex/complex1"
    }
  ]
}
resource

Provides each object in the results array in the same format as AAI’s REST API with depth = 1 (first level children and cousin relationships).

PUT /aai/v$/query?format=resource

Example Response

{
    "results": [
        {
            "complex": {
                "city": "Anywhere",
                "complex-name": "complex-mccomplexface",
                "country": "USA",
                "data-center-code": "CHG",
                "latitude": "30.123456",
                "longitude": "-78.135344",
                "physical-location-id": "complextest1",
                "physical-location-type": "lab",
                "postal-code": "90210",
                "region": "West",
                "relationship-list": {
                    "relationship": [
                        {
                            "related-link": "/aai/v1/network/zones/zone/zone1",
                            "related-to": "zone",
                            "related-to-property": [
                                {
                                    "property-key": "zone.zone-name",
                                    "property-value": "zone-name1"
                                }
                            ],
                            "relationship-data": [
                                {
                                    "relationship-key": "zone.zone-id",
                                    "relationship-value": "zone1"
                                }
                            ],
                            "relationship-label": "org.onap.relationships.inventory.LocatedIn"
                        },
                        {
                            "related-link": "/aai/v1/cloud-infrastructure/cloud-regions/cloud-region/Cloud-Region/Region1",
                            "related-to": "cloud-region",
                            "related-to-property": [
                                {
                                    "property-key": "cloud-region.owner-defined-type"
                                }
                            ],
                            "relationship-data": [
                                {
                                    "relationship-key": "cloud-region.cloud-owner",
                                    "relationship-value": "Cloud-Region"
                                },
                                {
                                    "relationship-key": "cloud-region.cloud-region-id",
                                    "relationship-value": "Region1"
                                }
                            ],
                            "relationship-label": "org.onap.relationships.inventory.LocatedIn"
                        }
                    ]
                },
                "resource-version": "1531233769164",
                "state": "CA",
                "street1": "100 Main St",
                "street2": "C3-3W03"
            }
        }
    ]
}
resource_and_uri

Provides each object in the results array in the same format as AAI’s REST API with depth = 1 (first level children and cousin relationships) plus the pathed url for the result object in AAI.

PUT /aai/v$/query?format=resource_and_url

Example Response

{
    "results": [
        {
            "complex": {
                "city": "Anywhere",
                "complex-name": "complex-mccomplexface",
                "country": "USA",
                "data-center-code": "CHG",
                "latitude": "30.123456",
                "longitude": "-78.135344",
                "physical-location-id": "complextest1",
                "physical-location-type": "lab",
                "postal-code": "90210",
                "region": "West",
                "relationship-list": {
                    "relationship": [
                        {
                            "related-link": "/aai/v16/network/zones/zone/zone1",
                            "related-to": "zone",
                            "related-to-property": [
                                {
                                    "property-key": "zone.zone-name",
                                    "property-value": "zone-name1"
                                }
                            ],
                            "relationship-data": [
                                {
                                    "relationship-key": "zone.zone-id",
                                    "relationship-value": "zone1"
                                }
                            ],
                            "relationship-label": "org.onap.relationships.inventory.LocatedIn"
                        },
                        {
                            "related-link": "/aai/v16/cloud-infrastructure/cloud-regions/cloud-region/Cloud-Region/Region1",
                            "related-to": "cloud-region",
                            "related-to-property": [
                                {
                                    "property-key": "cloud-region.owner-defined-type"
                                }
                            ],
                            "relationship-data": [
                                {
                                    "relationship-key": "cloud-region.cloud-owner",
                                    "relationship-value": "Cloud-REgion"
                                },
                                {
                                    "relationship-key": "cloud-region.cloud-region-id",
                                    "relationship-value": "Region1"
                                }
                            ],
                            "relationship-label": "org.onap.relationships.inventory.LocatedIn"
                        }
                    ]
                },
                "resource-version": "1531233769164",
                "state": "CA",
                "street1": "100 Main St",
                "street2": "C3-3W03"
            },
            "url": "/aai/v16/cloud-infrastructure/complexes/complex/complextest1"
        }
    ]
}
simple

Provides each result object in a simplified format. The node-type, graph vertex id, pathed url, object properties, and directly related objects in the graph are all returned. Both direct parent/child objects and cousin objects are included in the related-to array.

PUT /aai/v$/query?format=simple

Example Response

{
    "results": [
        {
            "id": "81924184",
            "node-type": "complex",
            "properties": {
                "city": "Anywhere",
                "complex-name": "complex-mccomplexface",
                "country": "USA",
                "data-center-code": "CHG",
                "latitude": "30.123456",
                "longitude": "-78.135344",
                "physical-location-id": "complextest1",
                "physical-location-type": "lab",
                "postal-code": "90210",
                "region": "West",
                "resource-version": "1531233769164",
                "state": "CA",
                "street1": "100 Main St",
                "street2": "C3-3W03"
            },
            "related-to": [
                {
                    "id": "40968400",
                    "node-type": "zone",
                    "relationship-label": "org.onap.relationships.inventory.LocatedIn",
                    "url": "/aai/v16/network/zones/zone/zone1"
                },
                {
                    "id": "122884184",
                    "node-type": "cloud-region",
                    "relationship-label": "org.onap.relationships.inventory.LocatedIn",
                    "url": "/aai/v16/cloud-infrastructure/cloud-regions/cloud-region/Cloud-Region/Region1"
                },
                {
                    "id": "122884296",
                    "node-type": "rack",
                    "relationship-label": "org.onap.relationships.inventory.LocatedIn",
                    "url": "/aai/v16/cloud-infrastructure/complexes/complex/complextest1/racks/rack/rackname1-1test"
                }
            ],
            "url": "/aai/v16/cloud-infrastructure/complexes/complex/complextest1"
        }
    ]
}
graphson

Provides the results using the graphson standard.

PUT /aai/v$/query?format=graphson

Example Response

{
    "results": [
        {
            "id": 81924184,
            "inE": {
                "org.onap.relationships.inventory.LocatedIn": [
                    {
                        "id": "oeioq-oe3f4-74l-1crx3s",
                        "outV": 40968400,
                        "properties": {
                            "aai-uuid": "9e75af3d-aa7f-4e8e-a7eb-32d8096f03cc",
                            "contains-other-v": "NONE",
                            "delete-other-v": "NONE",
                            "prevent-delete": "IN",
                            "private": false
                        }
                    },
                    {
                        "id": "216a6j-215u1k-74l-1crx3s",
                        "outV": 122884184,
                        "properties": {
                            "aai-uuid": "4b3693be-b399-4355-8747-4ea2bb298dff",
                            "contains-other-v": "NONE",
                            "delete-other-v": "NONE",
                            "prevent-delete": "IN",
                            "private": false
                        }
                    },
                    {
                        "id": "215xjt-215u4o-74l-1crx3s",
                        "outV": 122884296,
                        "properties": {
                            "aai-uuid": "958b8e10-6c42-4145-9cc1-76f50bb3e513",
                            "contains-other-v": "IN",
                            "delete-other-v": "IN",
                            "prevent-delete": "NONE",
                            "private": false
                        }
                    }
                ]
            },
            "label": "vertex",
            "properties": {
                "aai-created-ts": [
                    {
                        "id": "1crvgr-1crx3s-6bk5",
                        "value": 1531231973518
                    }
                ],
                "aai-last-mod-ts": [
                    {
                        "id": "215vkb-1crx3s-6dxh",
                        "value": 1531233769164
                    }
                ],
                "aai-node-type": [
                    {
                        "id": "215urv-1crx3s-69z9",
                        "value": "complex"
                    }
                ],
                "aai-uri": [
                    {
                        "id": "1crxfv-1crx3s-6gat",
                        "value": "/cloud-infrastructure/complexes/complex/complextest1"
                    }
                ],
                "aai-uuid": [
                    {
                        "id": "1crvuz-1crx3s-1ybp",
                        "value": "3959ceca-3a89-4e92-a2ff-073b6f409303"
                    }
                ],
                "city": [
                    {
                        "id": "1cs0zv-1crx3s-4irp",
                        "value": "Beverley Hills"
                    }
                ],
                "complex-name": [
                    {
                        "id": "215wcr-1crx3s-4d8l",
                        "value": "chcil"
                    }
                ],
                "country": [
                    {
                        "id": "1cs26j-1crx3s-4l51",
                        "value": "USA"
                    }
                ],
                "data-center-code": [
                    {
                        "id": "215ssr-1crx3s-4bnp",
                        "value": "CHG"
                    }
                ],
                "last-mod-source-of-truth": [
                    {
                        "id": "215vyj-1crx3s-696t",
                        "value": "aai-AppId"
                    }
                ],
                "latitude": [
                    {
                        "id": "1cs2yz-1crx3s-4mpx",
                        "value": "30.123456"
                    }
                ],
                "longitude": [
                    {
                        "id": "1cs3d7-1crx3s-4nid",
                        "value": "-174.135344"
                    }
                ],
                "physical-location-id": [
                    {
                        "id": "1crzez-1crx3s-4a2t",
                        "value": "complextest1"
                    }
                ],
                "physical-location-type": [
                    {
                        "id": "1crzt7-1crx3s-4ged",
                        "value": "lab"
                    }
                ],
                "postal-code": [
                    {
                        "id": "1cs1sb-1crx3s-4kcl",
                        "value": "90210"
                    }
                ],
                "region": [
                    {
                        "id": "1cs2kr-1crx3s-4lxh",
                        "value": "West"
                    }
                ],
                "resource-version": [
                    {
                        "id": "215v63-1crx3s-glh",
                        "value": "1531233769164"
                    }
                ],
                "source-of-truth": [
                    {
                        "id": "1crv2j-1crx3s-6epx",
                        "value": "foo"
                    }
                ],
                "state": [
                    {
                        "id": "1cs1e3-1crx3s-4jk5",
                        "value": "CA"
                    }
                ],
                "street1": [
                    {
                        "id": "1cs07f-1crx3s-4h6t",
                        "value": "100 Main St"
                    }
                ],
                "street2": [
                    {
                        "id": "1cs0ln-1crx3s-4hz9",
                        "value": "Room 101"
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    ]
}

Optional Query Parameters

depth

You can pass the depth query parameter to specify how many levels of children/grandchildren to return. The default depth is 1.

PUT /aai/v$/query?format={format}&depth=0
nodesOnly

You can pass the nodesOnly query parameter to have the output only contain the object properties with no relationships.

PUT /aai/v$/query?format={format}&nodesOnly=true
subgraph

You can pass a subgraph query parameter that determines the behavior of the output. Using subgraph=prune returns all of the objects from the query and only the edges between those objects. Using subgraph=star returns all of the objects from the query plus all of the objects they relate to.

The default is subgraph=star

PUT /aai/v$/query?format={format}&subgraph={subgraph}

HTTP Headers

X-FromAppID={client ID} Unique application identifier.
X-TransactionID={UUDID} must be a UUID and unique to each transaction within the context of an X-FromAppID.
Content-Type={format} format of the request. Should be application/json or application/xml.
Accept={format} format of the response. Should be application/json or application/xml.

Request Payload

Typically the query payload will include both a “start” and a “query” portion. The “start” can indicate one or more starting nodes in the graph. If multiple nodes are specified, the result will contain the query results for all of the start nodes. The “query” indicates the name of the query to be run and also takes query parameters depending on the query. Please reference the queries on the AAI wiki for specific saved queries and how they should be usServer Timeout A Server timeout is implemented for these APIs to make sure the server did not continue processing the request long after a client times out on their side. An error code ERR.5.4.7406 will be returned when this limit is hit. The default value for Traversal API is 60 secs. The clients should set their timeouts accordingly.

List of Queries and Payloads

For a full list of available custom queries, please refer to our Custom Queries document

Recents API

The Recents API allows a client to get the list of objects that has been created or updated recently, up to a maximum of 1 week back.

Recents API